Objects - Furniture

The furniture collection represents a range of styles, economic levels, and stories. It includes seating, case furniture, and other wooden decorative wares.

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Blanket Chest
Name/Title
Blanket Chest
Entry/Object ID
1988.6.1a-d
Description
Grain painted blanket chest There are 5 drawer fronts, but the upper two are false. The top is hinged and lifts upward. The top is sponge painted, and the front and sides are brushed. The back is made of three horizontal boards and left unfinished.
Context
According to family history, this was brought to Calais, Vermont, by Abijah Wheelock in 1789.
Acquisition
1988.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Blanket Chest
Name/Title
Blanket Chest
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.196
Description
Blanket chest with lifting top and lower drawers.
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bookstand
Name/Title
Bookstand
Entry/Object ID
2003.67
Description
Wooden book stand with three legs. The legs are plainly formed, with rounded feet. The center post is turned and inscribed with a ring about halfway up. The top of the stand is a rectangle tilted at a 45° angle. At the bottom edge is a wooden protrusion for holding a book, now mostly broken off. There is a small, round disk attached with a metal rod to the right side of the stand for holding a candle.
Acquisition
2003.67
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1960.117
Description
Rectangular wooden box with nailed corner joints that hinges open at the center. The box opens to reveal to covered halves, each with their own locks. One side is labeled "Grand Jury" and the other is labeled "Standing Jury." The covers open up to small pigeon holes labeled with the names of towns and villages. In one half, the pigeon holes are filled with square pieces of a paper typed with the names of jurors. In the other half, the papers are contained within a paper envelope placed in the center of the pigeon holes.
Context
Used to determine jury members in Essex County, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.117
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
County
Essex County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candlestand
Interpretative Labels
Stand, 1760-1800 Maple Gift of Allyn and Charles Scott, #1948.4 In the fall of 1774, the men of Chester were asked to express their opinions about the actions of the British parliament. They met at the home of Jonathan Tarbell on October 10, 1774, and resolved to oppose those actions. They declared they would disobey and fight a government that didn’t protect their rights. These resolutions were copied into Chester’s Book of Town Records on September 2, 1776. Family legend states that, "to reaffirm their earlier declarations, forty-two men signed the record book as it sat on this table." After that, people referred to the Tarbell house as Chester’s Independence Hall.
Name/Title
Candlestand
Entry/Object ID
1948.4
Description
Candlestand with a round top and three slipper feet. The central post has vasiform turning in the Queen Anne style.
Context
Used by Lt. Jonathan Tarbell in his Chester home, referred to as Chester's "Independence Hall."
Acquisition
1948.4
Made or Created
1760-1800
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Tarbell, Jonathan
Related Place
Town
Chester
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
American Revolutionary War
Candlestand
Name/Title
Candlestand
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.178
Description
Tilt top candlestand with octagonal top. The stand has three legs that come together in the center. The center stem is turned in the shape of a vase.
Context
Owned by Betsy Park Proctor, the mother of Governor Redfield Proctor.
Acquisition
1957.1
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Proctor, Betsy Parker (1792-1871)
Carving Pattern
Name/Title
Carving Pattern
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.57
Description
Wooden board with decorative ivy designs cut from paper pasted onto one side. One design is a symmetrical medallion that appears to have been cut from a letter. Portions of the design have been cut into the board. The other design is a border element cut from wallpaper.
Use
Likely an unfinished pattern for carving tombstones.
Context
Made in Northfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.15
Made or Created
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Chair
Interpretative Labels
Daniel M. Tuthill was born in Westminster in 1807 and probably learned his trade from one of the local cabinetmakers working in Windham County. Tuthill had his own business in the Saxton's River section of Rockingham by 1833. This chair is similar to thousands of others that were mass produced in New England at that time. It is stenciled on the back in gold, "D.M. Tuthill/Saxton's Village, VT/Warranted." Tuthill would have employed several people in his furniture factory, probably on a seasonal basis to make the pieces, assemble, paint, stencil, and make the chair seats. In addition to chairs Tuthill made clocks, mirrors and picture frames and cabinet furniture in the early 1840s. By 1850 Tuthill had moved, like so many other Vermonters, to western New York where he continued to practice his trade. Though this chair was one of hundreds made at Tuthill's factory, it still reflects the considerable skill required to make and finish. Note the variety and layers of color used to decorate it. The chair seat is not original to this piece.
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
2009.5
Description
Black chair upholstered with a yellow velvet seat (not original). The rails are stenciled in gold with a pattern of leaves and flowers, and there is an urn at the center of the top rail. The apron, front legs, and front stretcher are decoratively turned and accented with gold paint. The back of the center rail is stenciled with the inscription, "D. M. TUTHILL SAXTON'S VILLAGE, VT WARRANTED". The black paint on the back of the chair is lightly applied, showing red paint underneath.
Context
Made by Daniel M. Tuthill in Saxtons River, Vermont
Acquisition
2009.5
Made or Created
Artist
Tuthill, Daniel Mason (1807-1876)
circa 1840
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Silk
Chair
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.22
Description
Ladderback chair with decoratively pierced rails. Each rail has a heart shape cut out of the middle flanked by a rounded wedge. Each slat is wavy instead of straight across. It has a rush seat and decoratively carved apron (modern)
Acquisition
1957.1
Made or Created
1800
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Maple
Chair
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.171
Description
Side chair with decoratively pierced splat and comb-shaped top rail. The seat is upholstered with brocaded silk in a geometric pattern.
Context
No history of use/manufacture in VT.
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Chair
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.168
Description
Fan back Windsor chair with stepped crest rail. Some of the original yellow paint remains, showing horizontal strips in imitation of bamboo.
Context
Possibly made in New Hampshire
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Chair
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.158
Description
Fan back Windsor chair with stepped crest rail.
Context
Possibly made in New Hampshire
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Chair
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.153
Description
Bird's eye maple chair with caned seat. The legs are turned. The splat is vasiform.
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Chair
Interpretative Labels
Slat-back Armchair, c. 1830 Attributed to Benjamin W. Powers (1788-1866) East Lyndon, Vermont Maple, ash Gift of Elizabeth Harris Brown, #1966.57.2 Benjamin W. Powers was the progenitor of three generations of chairmakers who worked in East Lyndon for almost a century. According to tradition, Powers began to work in the town soon after his marriage in 1814. He developed a specific style of slat-back chair with a woven ash seat, which in the mushroom turnings of the arms and placement and number of rungs resembles chairs made in the Plymouth Colony during the seventeenth century. Whether this similarity was intentional (1820 was the bicentennial of the landing in Plymouth) or simply coincidental is unknown. In either instance, the basic shape was only slightly modified over the years by his son Benjamin F. Powers (1816-1897) and his grandson Henry G. Powers (1840-1901). The two later generations usually stenciled their names on the back of the middle slat of their chairs.
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
1966.57.2
Description
Slat-back arm chair with acorn finials and mushroom turnings on the arms. Original paint has been stripped. Three, slightly arched back-splats. Unusual, three side-stretchers.
Context
Representative of the Powers family of chairmakers in the Northeast Kingdom.
Acquisition
1966.57
Made or Created
Artist
Powers, Benjamin Woods (1788-1866)
Attribution
Attributed to
circa 1830
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Ash Splint
Relationships
Related Publication
The Best the Country Affords
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Chair Back
Name/Title
Chair Back
Entry/Object ID
1948.11.2
Description
Top of a chair back carved with leaves and flowers.
Context
Cut from the back of a chair in a burning building in Baton Rouge during the Civil War by Sergeant John Henry Hurley of Northfield, Vermont.
Acquisition
1948.11
Made or Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Hurley, John Henry (1836-1909)
,
Related Event
Civil War
Chest, Blanket
Name/Title
Chest, Blanket
Entry/Object ID
1964.25.2
Description
Blanket chest with lift top and one drawer in base. Bracket legs.
Acquisition
1964.25
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Clock
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.164a-d
Description
Wooden mantle clock with a mirrored door. The clock face has hand-painted Arabic numerals, and the corners are decorated in gold paint.
Context
Made by Jason R. Rawson in Saxtons River, Vermont. Owned by a member of the Kent family in Calais, Vermont.
Acquisition
1976.43
Made or Created
Rawson, Jason R.
1840
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Glass, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Village
Kent's Corner
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Clock
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1967.104a-b
Description
Black wooden mantel clock. The body of the clock is square with cut of corners. It has an inset, round face framed in brass with a glass front.
Context
Given to the Episcopal Bishop of Island Pond, VT, by John Jay (1745-1829).
Acquisition
1967.104
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal, Glass
Relationships
Jay, John (1745-1829)
,
Clock
Interpretative Labels
Clock France Gift of the State of Vermont, 1964.63.125 In 1949, the French people shipped 49 boxcars filled with tokens of gratitude for the trainloads of food, clothing, and medicine that the United States had sent in 1947 to assist France's recovery following World War II. The "Merci Train," a response to the "American Friendship Train," arrived in February. There was an antique boxcar full of gifts and messages for each of the 48 states, plus one for Hawaii and the District of Columbia to share. Vermont's boxcar arrived in the state aboard a flatbed car on February 9. It made short stops in Brattleboro, Bellows Falls, and White River Junction on its way to Montpelier. The official welcoming ceremony took place on February 10, and included Governor Ernest W. Gibson Jr. and Count Max de Montalembert, the French vice-consul in Boston. Vermont's boxcar contained hundreds of items--dolls, toys, paintings, crafts, pencil boxes, embroidered collars, wooden puppets, ornamental fans, paintings, vases, trinkets, books, cards, and letters. Some of the artwork was given to the Fleming Museum at the University of Vermont in Burlington, some French books to Middlebury College, and individual items were sent via legislators to towns and libraries throughout the state. The remainder--nearly 200 items--has been in the custody of and stored at the Vermont Historical Society. Pieces from the collection have been displayed twice since they arrived in that boxcar 70 years ago--in the 1950s and in 1988.
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.125
Description
Wooden clock with ornately carved front. The front panel features floral carvings and inserted turnings. A round clock face is attached to the center. The front opens to reveal a space on the inside with a label indicating that it was given to the Merci Train.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Glass, Metal
Relationships
Merci Train
Related Event
World War II
Clock
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1994.9.1
Description
Wooden mantle clock with mirror-front door. The front of the clock is flanked by two columns, each painted black and stenciled with gold. The top of the clock has a decorative panel that is also painted black with gold stenciling. The face of the clock has roman numerals and the corners are decorated with gold scrollwork. The back wall of the interior is papered with a label that reads, "IMPROVED CLOCKS, MANUFACTURED AND SOLD BY E. M. BARNS, Chimney Point, Vermont. Warrented [sic] if well used."
Context
Made by Edgar Merriam Barnes in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.9
Made or Created
Artist
Barnes, Edgar Merriam (1805-1871)
1830-1834
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Glass, Paper
Cobbler's Bench
Name/Title
Cobbler's Bench
Entry/Object ID
1945.30
Description
Green-painted work bench with vise. The bench has two stretchers across the short ends, and one stretcher across the long sides. There is a large wooden vise at one of the legs with an unpainted, turned wood handle. The underside of the bench is unpainted.
Acquisition
1945.30
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Cradle
Name/Title
Cradle
Entry/Object ID
1945.25
Description
Long cradle, sized for an adult. It sits on rockers on the long ends.
Context
Used by Truman Galusha as an adult.
Acquisition
1945.25
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Galusha, Truman (1786-1859)
Cradle
Name/Title
Cradle
Entry/Object ID
1960.119
Description
Red walnut rocking cradle with burl graining. The cradle consists of a rectangular base with flaring walls that rise into a cover over the head. The edges of the cover, or tester, are cut into a baluster shape, and the top is rounded by using three boards. The cradle is on two rockers, placed at the head and foot. The shield-shaped back board (or headboard) is pine.
Context
Used by Lemuel Scott Jr. (born January 4, 1790), the first male born in Fletcher, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.119
Made or Created
1790
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Scott, Lemuel, Jr. (1790-1878)
Desk
Interpretative Labels
Desk, circa 1760 New England Mahogany Gift of Margaret Hyde Fay Brown, #1922.14.2 Ethan Allen, Thomas Chittenden, and Dr. Jonas Fay all used this desk when they stayed at the Catamount Tavern. The proprietor of the tavern, Stephen Fay, hosted these and other men when they met to organize the Green Mountain Boys, fight the British advancing on Bennington, and plan how Vermont would be governed. Stephen’s wife Ruth may have sat at this desk in the fall of 1777 as she struggled to write a difficult letter to relatives in Connecticut. She had lost her son, John, at the Battle of Bennington, and his wife and two baby sons died unexpectedly a few weeks later.
Name/Title
Desk
Entry/Object ID
1922.14.2
Description
Fall front mahogany desk with four drawers. The slanted portion at the top of the desk folds down to rest on two pull-out supports on either side of the top drawer.
Context
Used by Stephen Fay at the Catamount Tavern in Bennington during the Revolutionary War. Thomas Chittenden, Ethan Allen, and Jonas Fay reportedly also used this desk at the tavern.
Acquisition
1922.14
Made or Created
circa 1760
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Fay, Stephen (1715-1781), Allen, Ethan (1738-1789), Chittenden, Thomas (1730-1797), Fay, Jonas (1736-1818)
,
Related Event
American Revolutionary War
Desk
Name/Title
Desk
Entry/Object ID
1976.54
Description
Narrow wooden desk with two lifting writing surfaces. The desk has a slanted top that opens into two shallow storage boxes. The desk sits on H-shaped piers, supported by a stretcher across the bottom. The piers are stained a dark color than the top of the desk and are scrolled and decorated with applied, carved bull's eyes. The right side of the desk has two metal plaques, one reading, "Seat of Consuela Northrup Bailey 1951 First lady speaker of the House", and the other reading, "Seat of Miss Edna L. Beard First lady member 1921".
Context
Used by both Edna Beard, first female member of the Vermont State House of Representatives, and Consuela Northrup Bailey, first female Speaker of the House of the Vermont State House of Representatives
Acquisition
1976.54
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Bailey, Consuelo Northrup, Beard, Edna
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Desk
Name/Title
Desk
Entry/Object ID
1966.7.2
Description
Fall front desk with four drawers.
Context
Owned by Governor Samuel Crafts
Acquisition
1966.7
Lexicon
Relationships
Crafts, Samuel Chandler (1768-1853)
Related Place
Village
Craftsbury
Town
Craftsbury
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Document Box
Name/Title
Document Box
Entry/Object ID
1959.58.2
Description
Wooden document box with hinged lid. The corners of the box have been rounded. The lid has a bar handle in the center, and secures at the center front with a small, silver-toned metal latch.
Context
Made in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1959.58
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Drawer Pull
Name/Title
Drawer Pull
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.103
Description
Turned wooden drawer knob. The knob is a circular ball concave molding; the whole is pierced through with a long bolt.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Folding Chair
Name/Title
Folding Chair
Entry/Object ID
1981.16
Description
Black-painted wooden folding chair. The chair has a ladder back and high, curved arms. The arms are grooved along the inside to allow pegs attached to the outer corners of the seat to slide down and fold the chair. The chair is upholstered with modern fabric, jacquard woven in a green and brown tweed.
Context
Used by Major James S. Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1981.16
Made or Created
1860-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Fabric
Relationships
Peck, James S. (1838-1884)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
Civil War
Footlocker
Interpretative Labels
Footlocker, circa 1933 Used by R. E. Smith Painted Wood #1997.19 This footlocker belonged to R.E. Smith of Waltham, Massachusetts. He worked at the Civilian Conservation Corps’ (CCC) Camp Greene and was part of the construction crew that built the Wrightsville Dam and reservoir from 1933 to 1935. The village of Wrightsville, which bordered the town of Middlesex and the city of Montpelier, was flooded for the project. The camp was located near the town line between Montpelier and Middlesex.
Name/Title
Footlocker
Entry/Object ID
1997.19a-c
Description
Grey-painted wooden footlocker. The top of the lid is painted with the inscription, "R. E. SMITH 1112 Co. Camp Greene Montpelier Vermont." The inscription is flanked by two yellow rectangles with simplistic evergreen trees inside. The upper left corner has a yellow paper mailing tag that reads, "To: RE Smith Waltham, Mass." The inside of the footlocker has a tin shelf unit with wooden dividers.
Context
Used by R. E. Smith while a member of the Civilian Conservation Corps in Montpelier, Vermont.
Acquisition
1997.19
Made or Created
1933-1944
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin, Wood
Relationships
Civilian Conservation Corps, Smith, R. E.
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Footstool
Name/Title
Footstool
Entry/Object ID
1975.509
Description
Small wooden footstool. The stool is painted black with painted floral decoration, similar in design to toleware. A sticker on the back reads, "Hand-painted BY THOMAS F FITZSIMMONS WESTON, VERMONT".
Context
Made by Thomas F. Fitzsimmons in Weston, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.509
Made or Created
Artist
FitzSimmons, Thomas F. (1893-1979)
circa 1950
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Globe
Interpretative Labels
Globe, 1810-1819 James Wilson Bradford, VT Wood, paper, brass Anonymous gift, 1921.16 James Wilson of Bradford was raised on a farm and trained briefly as a blacksmith. He moved to Bradford as a young man in 1796 and became interested in cartography. After visiting Dartmouth College's map collection, he grew particularly enamored of globes, and set out to make his own. It took several years of experimentation and learning new skills - he was almost exclusively self-taught - but Wilson began officially manufacturing his globes in 1813. Producing a high-quality globe required mastering a variety of skills - printing, engraving, woodworking, and blacksmithing - all with a high degree of precision. Wilson manufactured a variety of globes, including a line of papier-mache globes that he could produce and sell inexpensively. His globes were the first to be manufactured in America, and found a ready audience in schools in particular. This globe was not among his first run, but was produced later, in 1816. The Wilson Manufacturing Company continued to produce globes in Vermont and New York for nearly fifty years.
Name/Title
Globe
Entry/Object ID
1921.16
Description
World globe printed on paper that is glued onto a hollow wooden sphere. The sphere rests in a stand made of wood and brass, and spins freely in two directions. The brass portion encircles the globe vertically, and is marked with measurement hash marks and numbers meant to indicate longitude. The wooden stand encircles the globe horizontally and on its flat surface there are more printed paper designs depicting astrological signs. The horizontal piece also includes measurement hash marks meant to indicate latitude.

The wooden stand is supported on four turned legs that are connected crosswise in the center. The globe can spin freely or be locked in place by making adjustments to the brass piece.

On the legend on the globe is printed the explanatory text: "A NEW / TERRESTRIAL GLOBE, / on which the / TRACTS and NEW DISCOVERIES / are laid down / from the Accurate Observations / made by / Cap.t. Cook, Furneux, Phipps & C. / By J. WILSON, VERMONT."
Context
Made by Wilson Manufacturing Company in Bradford, VT.
Acquisition
1921.16
Made or Created
Artist
Wilson, James (1763-1855)
Wilson Manufacturing Company
1810-1818
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper, Wood, Brass
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Mailbox
Name/Title
Mailbox
Entry/Object ID
1957.4.10
Description
Wooden box with hinged top. The box is simply constructed, with nailed joints. The top opens on hinges placed at the back, and locks with an interior lock at the center front.
Context
Used at H. Bennett's store in Bridport, Vermont
Acquisition
1957.4
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
H. Bennett's
Mirror
Name/Title
Mirror
Entry/Object ID
1955.35.2
Description
Tilting, tabletop mirror with wooden frame and stand. The stand has four legs with a wooden bull's eye medallion at the center. The frame has scrolled edges and attaches to the stand with two small posts at the sides.
Context
Made by Cortes Chaffee in Berkshire, Vermont
Acquisition
1955.35
Made or Created
Chaffee, Cortes S (1856-1940)
circa 1872
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Glass
Mirror
Name/Title
Mirror
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.240
Description
Wall mirror with wooden frame painted black and gold. The edges of the frame are decorated with black and gold applied (halved) spindles and have rosettes in the corners. The top section is a reverse painting on glass of a dancing girl. The bottom section is mirror. The back has a 'dust cover' of paperboard.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Glass
Mirror Frame
Name/Title
Mirror Frame
Entry/Object ID
1995.8a-b
Description
Wide wooden frame with ogee molding and mahogany veneer. The back has a paper label with an image of a large building beside a bridge. Around the image is the inscription, "All kinds of Bedsteads, Tables, Chairs, Sofas, Matresses and Mirrors, Manufactured and for sale Wholesale or Retail, on the best terms, BY A. VN DOORN & SONS, BRATTLEBORO, VT."
Context
Made by A. Van Doorn & Sons of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
1995.8
Made or Created
Anthony Van Doorn & Sons
1842-1852
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Paper
Relationships
VanDoorn, Anthony (1792-1871)
Piano
Name/Title
Piano
Entry/Object ID
1967.105
Description
Square grand piano. The piano has thick, tapered legs that terminate in bulbous feet. There is a small brass plaque at the center front above the keyboard that bears the makers' label.
Context
Made by Marsh & Chase in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1967.105
Made or Created
Marsh & Chase
circa 1840
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Ivory, Brass
Pulpit
Name/Title
Pulpit
Entry/Object ID
1940.9
Description
Square pulpit with applied wooden decorations. The sides are paneled and decorated with escutcheons, scrollwork, and dentiling or strapwork. The top overhangs the sides.
Context
Used by Clark Stevens, a Quaker minister and founder of East Montpelier, VT
Acquisition
1940.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Stevens, Clark (1764-1853)
Related Place
Town
East Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Radio
Name/Title
Radio
Entry/Object ID
2003.16.2
Description
Fairbanks-Morse case radio. The radio is in a large, wooden case with fabric covering the speaker openings. The fabric is woven in a decorative shell pattern. There is a large central dial with round label openings around it. Above the dial is a three-level tuning dial face. The radio is accompanied by a paper envelope containing an operating manual, a business reply card, and three sheets of punch-out cardboard station labels.
Context
Owned by the Goodall family of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
2003.16
Made or Created
Fairbanks-Morse & Company
1937
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Balham, Jean Louise Goodall (1925-2016), Goodall, Winona O'Neil (1898-1960), Goodall, Frederick (1898-1961)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Radio
Interpretative Labels
Radio, 1929 Atwater Kent Manufacturing Company Philadelphia, PA Wood, metal, glass Gift of David Stone, 1978.14.1a-c Arthur Atwater Kent was born in Burlington, but moved to Worcester, MA with his family as a child. He spent some time studying at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute but did not graduate, having already begun his own business making small electric motors, generators, fans, and an automobile ignition system of his own design. In 1921, he began making radio parts, selling them as do-it-yourself kits for early enthusiasts. By 1925, the Atwater Kent Manufacturing Company was the largest maker of radios in the United States. By 1931, they boasted that they had produced over 3 million radios. Though Kent had started with small kits for enthusiasts, by the late 1920s the company was focusing on high-end, high-quality models. As a result, the Great Depression hit the company particularly hard, and by 1936 its factory in Philadelphia, which had employed as many as 12,000 people at its height, closed. Many Kent radios were built into furniture pieces, and this table is an example of a particularly elaborate one. It was made by the Kiel Company of Milwaukee, and originally cost $175 when it came on the market in 1929. The company offered installment plans, which made even this high-end piece of technology accessible to the average American. At the time, radios would have occupied the central place in a home that televisions hold today – as a focal point of a room, a primary source of entertainment, and a connection to the outside world.
Name/Title
Radio
Entry/Object ID
1978.14.1a-c
Description
Large table with radio built into it.

The table has six legs, ornately turned, and connected by a central bracing system at the floor level. There are two plug outlets in two of the table legs. The table itself is shaped as a hexagon, with two long sides making it more oval-shaped. There is deep and elaborately decorated trim around the tabletop.

One side piece drops horizontally to expose a radio face with dials and band indicator. The trim and legs are painted black.

The tabletop is stained wood grain, and lifts up to expose the radio at the interior. The radio itself, an Atwater Kent Model 55C, takes up most of the interior space of the table. The radio is labeled Serial #4380032.
Context
Made by Atwater Kent Manufacturing Company
Acquisition
1978.14
Made or Created
1929
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Kent, Arthur Atwater (1873-1949)
Related Place
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Rocking Chair
Name/Title
Rocking Chair
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.36
Description
Slipper-style rocker with stenciled design on back. The seat is painted yellow (now faded), and the rest of the chair is grain painted. The initials "SI" are carved on bottom of the seat.
Acquisition
1976.43
Made or Created
Artist
Ingalls, Samuel (1786-1854)
1807-1835
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Ingalls, Samuel (1786-1854)
Rocking Chair
Name/Title
Rocking Chair
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.151
Description
Fan back Windsor rocking chair with saddle seat. The words, "Proctorsville, VT" are penciled on the bottom of the seat.
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Village
Proctorsville
Town
Cavendish
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Rocking Chair
Name/Title
Rocking Chair
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.167
Description
Ladderback rocking chair. The chair has arms and a rush seat. The tops of each slat are arched.
Context
Made in Canterbury, New Hampshire, by members of the Shakers.
Acquisition
1957.1
Made or Created
The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Secretary
Interpretative Labels
Secretary, c. 1840 Attributed to James W. Stevens (1815-1870) Craftsbury, Vermont Mahogany, pine, and basswood Bequest of Carolyn A. Pratt, 1966.7 James Wellington Stevens was born at Middlebury in 1815 and was apprenticed to a man named Sweet before moving to Craftsbury shortly after his twenty-first birthday in 1836. According to the entries in his extant account books, also in the collection of VHS, he began to work in June of 1836 and continued until 1855. This corroborates family history, which states that he ceased cabinetmaking "in the fifties" and opened a daguerreotype studio in town. Stevens' account books reveal that he was typical of Vermont's versatile woodworkers, recording jobs from the making of "18 shoe patterns" to "setting glass in school house." The range of his furniture production was also broad, from a 98-cent footstool to a $19.50 sofa. In between were center, dining, and tea tables, French bedsteads, sets of "fancy" chairs, and bureaus. Accompanying the account books are several 19th-century stencil patterns and early transfer decals.
Name/Title
Secretary
Entry/Object ID
1966.7.1a-g
Description
Secretary (Desk) of pine veneered with mahogany. Made in two parts, desk and bookcase. Distinctive, applied cyma-curve columns and scrolled front legs. Bookcase has glazed doors and two shelves. Desk opens to reveal writing surface, two small drawers, and eight pigeon-holes. The base includes two large drawers with replacement brass pulls.
Context
Attributed to Craftsbury cabinetmaker James Wellington Stevens. Owned by Judge James A. Paddock.
Acquisition
1966.7
Made or Created
Artist
Stevens, James Wellington (1815-1870)
Attribution
Attributed to
circa 1840
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine, Mahogany
Relationships
Paddock, James Augustus (1798-1867)
Related Publication
The Best the Country Affords
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Sewing Stand
Name/Title
Sewing Stand
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.209
Description
Three-tier revolving sewing stand. The top tier is a solid table top with the two lower tiers being cross shape shelves with side rails but no end rails. Painted red. Center post with three long S curve legs.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Shelf
Name/Title
Shelf
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.137
Description
A wooden shelf with metal bracket braces so it could be attached to a wall. A label glued to the back says it was made by a 12-year-old at the College Moderne et Technique.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Merci Train
Shelf
Name/Title
Shelf
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.78
Description
Small hanging wall shelf carved into the shape of masonic symbols. The base is formed of wings with an hourglass at the center. The top back is carved into an arch over a compass and square with the letter G in the center. The back is stamped "PERCIVAL, FULL[loss] / 137 / BOSTON".
Acquisition
1976.43
Made or Created
Percival, Fuller & Co
Lexicon
Relationships
Freemasons
Shelf
Name/Title
Shelf
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.28
Description
5-shelf wooden whatnot decorated with leather grapes, leaves & flowers. Painted black. Shelves graduated in size.
Context
Made in the Kent family leather shop in Calais, Vermont.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Leather
Side Table
Name/Title
Side Table
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.146a-b
Description
Square topped side table with turned legs. It has one drawer with a center knob.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Sign
Name/Title
Sign
Entry/Object ID
1997.41.1
Description
Wooden side with the stenciled inscription, "P. W. A. NO. PROJECT 752-02-138". The sign is painted white with black text and has a black frame piece on the top.
Context
Used for the Swanton Fish Hatchery
Acquisition
1997.41
Made or Created
1933-1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Public Works Administration
Sign
Interpretative Labels
Name/Title
Sign
Entry/Object ID
1923.16
Description
Wooden sign with hand-painted toll rates. The sign is constructed of two wooden boards painted white, with black copperplate lettering. The whole is framed with narrow pieces of black-painted wood.
Context
Shows the rates of toll for the turnpike in Peru, Vermont
Acquisition
1923.16
Made or Created
1814-1816
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Peru
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Step Stool
Name/Title
Step Stool
Entry/Object ID
1975.513
Description
A child's step stool/chair combination. The back of the chair swings down to create a step. A paper label on the back reads, "J's Craft Shop Hardwick".
Acquisition
1975.513
Made or Created
J's Craft Shop
1950-1960
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
2003.68
Description
Center table with central pedestal and three feet. The table is veneered on all visible surfaces, with the tabletop book-plated. The feet are shaped into a scrollwork pattern with flat sides, and the center pedestal is round. The edges of the table are slightly wavy, creating a petaled design.
Acquisition
2003.68
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.42ab
Description
Marble topped table with a center post. The table has four feet, each with a small metal caster (wheel). The center post is made of black wood and decoratively carved in an Eastlake style. The top is square with chamfered corners. The bottom of the table is stamped with, "No. 51".
Acquisition
1973.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Marble
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Windsor
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1945.19.3
Description
Empire-style drop-leaf table. The central pier is in the shape of a lyre and sits on four hairy paw feet with casters. The upper base corners are carved with leaves and have acorn finials.
Context
Made by Lyman Briggs in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1945.19
Made or Created
Artist
Briggs, Lyman (1803-1850)
1825-1830
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Mahogany, White Pine
Relationships
The Best the Country Affords, Vermont Cabinetmakers & Chairmakers Before 1855 - A Checklist
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.184
Description
Large, gate leg tavern table. The legs are turned. When open, the tabletop is round.
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1965.37
Description
Sawbuck style table with remnants of red paint. The legs of the table cross to form Xs on the side. that
Context
Used by Dr. Samuel Parkman Danforth in Royalton, Vermont
Acquisition
1965.37
Made or Created
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Danforth, Samuel Parkman
Related Place
Town
Royalton
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.14
Description
Walnut oval table supported by 4 scroll legs on casters. Turned pendent extends below the pedestal between legs. The top is screwed together with original screws. Marked in pencil "John McLaughlin."
Acquisition
1976.43
Made or Created
circa 1870
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.116
Description
Oval side table; one central post divides into four curved and decorated legs. Country cottage style with grain painting to resemble zebra maple. Top has an oval grained section like burl walnut with a painted flower in the center.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1967.106.3a-c
Description
Empire-style pedestal table with two drawers. The pedestal base has four scrolled feet.
Context
Used at Rutland Women's Reformatory in Rutland, Vermont
Acquisition
1967.106
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Rutland Women's Reformatory
Related Place
City
Rutland
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Tabletop
Name/Title
Tabletop
Entry/Object ID
1979.5.5
Description
Red Swanton marble table top with beveled edges and polished top
Acquisition
1979.5
Made or Created
Artist
Root, Frank A. (1881-1952)
circa 1920
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Trade Sign
Interpretative Labels
Trade Sign, ca. 1940 Montpelier, Vermont Wood, paint Museum purchase, 2008.18 James Pilini emigrated from Switzerland to Montpelier in the late 1920's. After marrying Gloria Miller of Montpelier and starting a family, he opened his garage at 19 Pitkin Court behind the Fire Station. The garage operated into the 1970's. This painted wood sign probably dates from the 1940s.
Name/Title
Trade Sign
Entry/Object ID
2008.18
Description
Pilini's Garage sign. The sign consists of two white-painted board, each with shaped ends. The word "PILINI'S" is painted in large letter across the center, with "WELDING / AUTO REPAIRING" on the left and "BATTERY / ELECTRICAL / CARBURETOR" on the right. The boards are held together with two vertical boards on the reverse, onto which eye rings have been added for hanging.
Context
Pilini's Garage used to sit at 19 Pitkin Court in Montpelier, VT.
Acquisition
2008.18
Made or Created
circa 1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Trundle Bed
Name/Title
Trundle Bed
Entry/Object ID
1952.40.18
Description
Wooden trundle bed. The headboard is peaked in the center. There are holes drilled through the rails for stringing rope, and there are ceramic casters on the bottom of each corner post.
Acquisition
1952.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Trunk
Interpretative Labels
Dr. David Fukuda served as an anesthesiologist at Barre City Hospital and the Central Vermont Medical Center for over thirty years. He and his family used this trunk, one of seven, to move from japan to Vermont in the 1950s. Fukuda's daughter, who donated the family's items to the historical society, wrote that when her parents moved, the trunk was "filled with all of their precious meager belongings...to begin their new lives in Vermont! It held all of their dreams and wishes for a good life."
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
2012.41
Description
Traveling trunk with riveted metal strapping around the edges of each side. The top opens with a hing, and secures with two side latches and a center lock. The trunk is additionally supported by narrow strapping across the center. The top is painted with the label, "Mr. M. Fukuda/New York" and the front has a paper label with a shipping address.
Context
Used by the Fukuda family when they immigrated from Japan to the United States in 1955.
Acquisition
2012.41
Made or Created
circa 1950
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paper
Trunk
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
1966.34.4
Description
Animal hide covered trunk. The top of the trunk lifts up on hinges on the back side, and secures with a large interior lock on the front side. The edges of each side of the trunk is studded with brass tacks. The interior of the trunk is lined with blue floral fabric, and the lid is fitted with ribbons held with tacks.
Context
Owned by Col. Timothy Hubbard of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.34
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Wood, Brass, Iron
Relationships
Hubbard, Timothy (1774-1840)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Trunk
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
1943.10.1
Description
Wooden trunk. The interior is lined with sprigged wallpaper. There are two leather straps that wrap around the trunk and buckle on the latch side. There is a small leather handle for carrying.
Acquisition
1943.10
Lexicon
Trunk
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
2
Description
Trunk. Monogram on side of trunk J.Y.D. Label with no. 2 written on it. Geometric designs inlaid or scratched into front. Inside lined with white paper with blue polka dots, and blue snaffle bits. Label on inside reads: "Storage box Mu 96; Trunk which belonged to Dr. Julius Y. Dewey; to be sent to Kent Tavern.
Made or Created
1877
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dewey, Julius Yemans (1801-1877)
Trunk
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
1943.11
Description
Hide-covered wooden trunk decorated with brass studs. The on the top, the studs for the initials, "A.R.K." within an eye-shaped oval with four diamonds around it. On the latch side, the studs appearing to form a smiley face. The trunk is lined with plain paper. The inside cover has a printed paper label that reads, "All kinds of saddles, bridles, harnesses, military goods, travelling and fancy trunks. Manufactured and kept constantly for sale, by Miles W. Blanchard, No. 4, Lodge Street, northside Hay Market Square, Rutland, Vt."
Context
Made by Miles W. Blanchard in Rutland, Vermont
Acquisition
1943.11
Made or Created
Artist
Blanchard, Miles W. (b. 1800)
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Leather
Trunk
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
3
Description
Steamer trunk. Label has M on it. Trunk has XMUFACI13 written on top, 87 in chalk on front. Newspapers inside.
Lexicon
Type Case
Name/Title
Type Case
Entry/Object ID
1973.55.1
Description
Handmade wooden type case. The case is divided in half then subdivided into small boxes or cubbies. Five rows are separated into square boxes (7 in each half-length row), and the remaining two are separated into rectangular boxes (5 in each half-length row). The reverse bears the inscription, "Type board used by John Goold in printing the first newspaper ever printed in the state of Vermont. John Goold was the father of Lydia Goold Putnam and grandfather of Abel Putnam (Jr?)." The front of the case is covered in plexiglass with an exhibition label and an example of the print attached.
Use
Used to hold letters for a printing press
Context
Used by John Goold in printing the first newspaper printed in the state of Vermont.
Acquisition
1973.55
Made or Created
1794-1796
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Goold, John (1761-1850)
Related Place
Town
Westminster
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Wall Clock
Name/Title
Wall Clock
Entry/Object ID
2003.27.1a-f
Description
Wooden hanging clock. With little exception, the entirety of the clock is made of wood, including the internal mechanisms. The clock has a rectangular box with a white face with roman numerals. There is a long pendulum that swings below the box as well as a sand-filled eight-sided weight
Context
Made by Charles A. Smith of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
2003.27
Made or Created
Artist
Smith, Charles A.
1940-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Paper, String, Metal
Wall Clock
Name/Title
Wall Clock
Entry/Object ID
2003.27.2a-i
Description
Wooden hanging clock. With little exception, the entirety of the clock is made of wood, including the internal mechanisms. The clock has a rectangular box with a white face with roman numerals. There is a long pendulum that swings below the box as well as a sand-filled eight-sided weight
Context
Made by Charles A. Smith of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
2003.27
Made or Created
Smith, Charles A.
1940-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Paper, Metal
Washstand
Name/Title
Washstand
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.152a-b
Description
Red-painted wooden washstand with shaped back. It has two towel racks, one on each side. The legs are spool turned and a base spans between them, shaped like a circle in the center. There is one drawer with no hardware.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Washtub Stand
Name/Title
Washtub Stand
Entry/Object ID
1963.59
Description
Bench for a child's wash tub. Made of wood, 3 slats of wood on the top that fold under. Legs are braced in two places.
Use
Used by Dorothy Deane Catchapaw of Richmond, Vermont
Acquisition
1963.59
Made or Created
circa 1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Catchapaw, Dorothy Deane (1912-1996)
Related Place
Town
Richmond
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Weaver's Bench
Name/Title
Weaver's Bench
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.236
Description
Green painted wooden weaver's bench. The bench has a plank seat with arched ends. The base stabilizers are longer on one side than the other.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Writing Case
Name/Title
Writing Case
Entry/Object ID
1992.30.2b
Description
Wooden portable writing desk with a thin leather cover. There is a handle at the top. The front flap has a locking mechanism that, when unlocked, allows the whole side to drop open to become a writing surface. The interior of the back side is split into two sections that open outward from the center like doors, beneath which is one large page-sized storage section. The back of each door has a specialized storage area: one is split to hold four tools, and the second has a pleated envelope with a tappe closing flap. A long, narrow section stretches across the bottom and is filled with removable trays, allowing for multiple layers of storage. The end section holds an ink bottle. There are pen nibs, an ink bottle, and pen handle inside the case.
Context
Presented to Rufus Kinsley, superintendent of the May Street Sunday School for Negroes, Boston on his retirement in 1857. Kinsley carried the case during his service in the Civil War as part of Co. F, 8th Vermont and Co. G 74th US Colored Infantry. He continued to educate many formerly enslaved people during the war.
Acquisition
1992.30
Made or Created
1857-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Artificial Leather, Brass, Leather
Relationships
Kinsley, Rufus (1831-1911)
Related Event
Civil War
Writing Desk
Name/Title
Writing Desk
Entry/Object ID
1972.15.1
Description
Portable writing desk. The desk closes into a box and is covered in dark, wood veneer. It opens to reveal a large, fabric-covered writing surface and a line of small open compartments for holding writing tools. The writing surfaces each lift up, hinging at the center, to reveal large, open compartments.
Context
Used by Dr. Charles Cummings of Brattleboro during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1972.15
Made or Created
1860-1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Cummings, Charles (1824-1864)
Related Place
Town
Brattleboro
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
Civil War

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